Resources

We have compiled a comprehensive list of resources to address common pediatric issues. Let us be part of your journey in keeping your little ones safe, happy and healthy!

Find Answers for When Your Little One isn’t Feeling Well

Explore Our Resources and Equip Yourself with The Knowledge and Confidence to Ensure Your Child’s Wellbeing!

From tips for managing symptoms at home to information on when to seek medical attention, you’ll be equipped to make informed decisions about keeping your little one healthy.

Guides for Common Childhood Ailments

Is Your Child Experiencing Any of These Common Issues? Find Resources Here

Tummy Issues

From constipation to diarrhea, tummy issues can be common in young children. We provide tips for easing symptoms and when to seek medical attention.

Respiratory Issues

Colds, coughs, and allergies can cause respiratory issues in children. Learn tips for managing symptoms and when to seek medical attention.

Feeding Issues

If your new baby is struggling with feeding, it can be stressful. We can provide guidance to keep your little one nourished and fed.

Fevers

Fever is common in children. We provide information on how to manage fevers and when to seek medical attention.

Edmond Pediatrics

FAQ

What do I do if my child has fever or discomfort after their shots?

Your child may need extra love and care after their vaccines. Some vaccinations that protect our children from serious diseases can cause discomfort after.

If your child develops a fever, you can give them a fever or pain reducing medicine like acetaminophen/Tylenol or ibuprofen/Motrin (if they are over 6 months of age). Do not give aspirin.

If their arm or leg seems sore, or becomes swollen, hot, or red, you can apply a clean, cool, wet washcloth over the sore area for comfort.

If you are worried at all about how your child looks or feels after their shots, call your provider!

How do I know if my child has a food allergy?

A food allergy is when a protein in a certain food causes your body’s immune system to react because it has mistaken that food protein as something harmful to your body. The body’s response is called an allergic reaction and usually involves hives, itching, or swelling. If it is severe, it can cause trouble breathing, wheezing, uncontrollable vomiting/diarrhea, passing out and can even be fatal.

Food allergy can involve any food but the most common foods to cause food allergy in the U.S. are milk, egg, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish, and sesame. Talk to your provider about when to introduce these to your baby.

A food intolerance (not a true allergy) is when your body has a hard time breaking down a certain food. It can make your child feel bad with an upset stomach or gas, but it is not life threatening, unlike an allergy. The most common intolerance is lactose, found in milk.

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What can I do to help my child with an Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)?

Runny nose, cough, congestion, and fever are most commonly caused by a virus. These usually clear by 2 weeks and do not respond to antibiotics. Things that you can do to help in the meantime while their body fights the infection are: 

  • Make sure they are staying hydrated by increasing their fluid intake 
  • Nasal saline spray and suction 
  • Humidifier 
  • Giving acetaminophen/Tylenol or ibuprofen/Motrin (if >6 months old) for fever or discomfort 
  • May use Zarbees but we advise against other over the counter cold medications and cough suppressants in young children. 
  • Vick’s vapor rub is okay to put on the feet with socks, but it is important to avoid putting it anywhere where your baby can get it into their mouth. 

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What should I look out for if my baby or toddler has a cold?

Sometimes when a baby or small child gets a cold virus, it can also cause inflammation in their lungs. This is called bronchiolitis. If your child has cough and congestion, they should be seen for: 

  • Difficulty breathing 
    • Skin sinking in above, below, or in between the ribs 
    • Breathing faster than once per second
    • Trouble eating due to so much congestion
  • Fever >101 F for more than 5 days OR any fever greater than 100.3 F in a child less than 2 months
  • Signs of dehydration like fewer wet diapers, dry mouth, not making tears 
  • Lethargy (extreme tiredness)
  • If you have any other concerns!

Should I get my child evaluated for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

School aged children that struggle with hyperactive and impulsive behavior or are unable to pay attention to the point where it is hindering their success both at home and at school should be evaluated for ADHD.

Studies have shown that treatment of ADHD with medication is effective, especially in combination with behavioral interventions. Set up an appointment with your provider to discuss if your child qualifies for the diagnosis and to discuss treatment options. Coming prepared to your appointment with Vanderbilt forms completed from a parent and teacher is extremely helpful. These forms can be found at: https://www.nichq.org/sites/default/files/resource-file/NICHQ-Vanderbilt-Assessment-Scales.pdf

Once your child is diagnosed with ADHD, deciding which medication is right for them and finding the best dose may take time, so they may need to be seen more frequently at the beginning of treatment. Once medicine is stable and symptoms are controlled, our patients with ADHD are seen at least every 6 months to evaluate symptoms, check weight, blood pressure, and review any medication side effects.

How do I create a healthy feeding relationship with my child and combat picky eating?

  • Have scheduled meal and snack times and limit grazing/milk intake in between to allow your child to get hungry for meals. 
  • Limit mealtime to 30 minutes or less and try to avoid any distractions like TV and phones. Try to make meal time enjoyable and don’t pressure your child to eat or stress if they don’t finish something.
  • Offer your child what the whole family is eating and try to avoid always offering a different “kid food” option. 
  • Offer a few things that you know your child will like and try to only introduce one new food at a time to not overwhelm them. It may take up to 12 “tries” before a child will accept a new food– so keep trying! 
  • Offer choices. Instead of “do you want peas for dinner?”, say “Would you like peas OR broccoli for dinner?”
  • Try to make food fun for your child whether that means having them help you pick out a new fruit or veggie to try at the store, involving them in food making, cutting foods into fun shapes, or adding flavor with dips and seasonings.

I am worried my child may be struggling from depression or anxiety. At what point do I intervene?

Depression is a disorder that makes you sad, but it is different than normal sadness and can make it hard for kids to enjoy things, study, or do everyday tasks. When kids and teens, like adults, struggle from depression they usually no longer care about doing the things they used to like to do or feel sad, down, or hopeless almost every day. This is different than some teenagers who may go through phases where they seem “cranky” or are easily annoyed.  If you think your child might be depressed, see your provider to discuss treatment options, usually involving counseling/therapy and sometimes medication. 

Excessive anxiety and worry that is occuring more days than not and lasting for several months should be evaluated by a child’s provider as well. Anxiety can be associated with symptoms like restlessness, being easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, and difficulty sleeping. 

If you ever feel worried that your child might hurt themselves or someone else, please contact the US Suicide and Crisis Lifeline by callling 988, call your doctor, or take them to the emergency department.

Is there anything we can do to reduce acne?

Acne is the medical term for pimples, which happen when pores get clogged with dead skin cells and oil, and bacteria build up. Pimples can be red, inflamed, pus-filled, and swollen.

The way teenagers take care of their skin can help with acne, but oftentimes there are some hormonal factors that cannot be avoided. We recommend they wash their face no more than twice a day with warm water and gentle facial cleanser. They should refrain from picking or popping pimples to prevent infection and scarring. Avoid oil-based skin products, looking for “non-comedogenic” on the label of moisturizers and makeup.

Non-prescription acne treatments include products containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and adapalene (Differin Gel). Talk to your provider about how to use these products and if a prescription acne medication may be needed, as there is no 1 medication or skin care routine that works best for everyone.

Is my baby’s head shape okay?

Flat heads (aka potential plagiocephaly) have become more common since the “Back to Sleep Campaign” that recommends babies sleep on their back to decrease the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Another cause of abnormal head shape can be a tight neck on one side (congenital torticollis), causing them to always look to the same side. The good news is that helmets are not needed for most cases of plagiocephaly and can be prevented and improved with their positioning throughout the day. 

Here are some tips: 

  • Always place your infant on their back to sleep, never on their stomach. You can instead modify their sleep position by putting them in their crib facing opposite ends on alternate nights and gently adjust their head to the non-flat side after they have fallen asleep. 
  • During playtime, do tummy time as much as possible! They may resist at first, but most will learn to love it as they become stronger. 
  • Alternate feeding/holding positions
  • Limit the time they spend in their car seat and consider using a baby carrier/sling/wrap during the day to decrease the time they spend flat on their back. 

If you are worried that your baby’s head shape seems flat or abnormal, talk to your provider at their check up!

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Is my child constipated and what can I do about it?

Constipation can show up differently for different kids. Some have straining and pain with pooping, some large painful stools, and some have small rock-hard poops. Sometimes even poop accidents (aka encopresis) can even be a sign of constipation because long term constipation can make poop harder to control.

Most childhood constipation (95%) is functional, meaning there is nothing wrong with your child’s digestive system or an underlying disease of their GI tract. It can happen at any age and is especially common in situations when kids avoid pooping, like during potty training and when they start school.

First steps to help with constipation are making sure that your child has good fiber intake, is drinking plenty of water, is exercising daily, and has a good toilet routine. Sometimes these things aren’t enough though and your provider may recommend using laxatives, like Miralax.

Does my child need antibiotics for their sore throat?

Sore throat is a common problem in children and is usually from either a viral or bacterial infection.

Sore throat related to viruses are usually associated with other symptoms like runny nose, congestion, cough, and sometimes fevers. These cases do not require treatment and will not improve with antibiotics. Throat pain can be treated with acetaminophen/Tylenol or ibuprofen/Motrin as needed. Other things that can help soothe the throat are honey (if older than 12 months), throat lozenges/sucking on hard candy (if child not at risk of choking), sipping warm or cold beverages, or eating cold or frozen desserts.

Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is the bacteria that causes “strep throat” and the most common cause of bacterial throat infection. It is most common in school-aged children. Symptoms typically include sore throat, swollen glands in the neck, fever, headache, stomachaches, and sometimes nausea or vomiting. If your provider suspects strep throat, they will test them in the office to confirm before prescribing antibiotics

How do I help relieve my child’s headaches and when should I have them evaluated?

Headaches are common in children and thankfully are usually not caused by a serious problem. 

Reasons to have your child with a headache evaluated right away include if they have a headache that

  • Starts after a head injury
  • Is sudden and severe or wakes them from their sleep
  • Is associated with vomiting, neck stiffness, vision changes, confusion, or fever with their headaches 
  • Occurs frequently

If your child does not need to see a provider, some things you can do to help their pain are allowing them to rest in a quiet dark room with a cool cloth on their forehead, encouraging them to drink plenty of water, get some sleep, or giving them ibuprofen/Motrin or acetaminophen/Tylenol.

If you are worried about your child’s headaches, please make an appointment with your provider to discuss. It can be very helpful to bring a “headache diary” to your appointment,  writing down every time your child has a headache and the situation surrounding the headache. Did they — skip a meal? Not drink enough fluids? Have caffeine? Sleep enough? Feel stressed? Your provider will be able to review your child’s headache symptoms and perform a neurological exam so they can figure out how to best manage and prevent their headaches.

What are signs of teething and what can be done for discomfort?

Teething commonly happens between 6-12 months. Symptoms usually include fussiness, drooling, swollen gums, wanting to chew on things, and changes in sleeping pattern. Sometimes an increased temperature (though not typically a true fever) or diarrhea can also be associated with teething.

To help with discomfort, you can massage your baby’s sore gums, offer a solid teething toy or frozen wet washcloth under supervision, or give acetaminophen/Tylenol or ibuprofen/Motrin (if over 6 months). It is not recommended to use teething gels or medications with benzocaine or other numbing agents as it may also numb the back of their throat and make it hard for them to swallow. Avoid teething necklaces as well, given the risk of strangulation.

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What can I do to help my child stop wetting the bed?

Bedwetting aka “enuresis” is a common problem in young children. Many kids can control their bladder by age 4, but it can also be normal for them to have a hard time controlling it while sleeping until they are closer to 7 years old. This is more common in boys and those that have a relative that also struggled with bedwetting. It is usually an accident, so try to be patient and refrain from getting upset, punishing, or teasing. 

Most of the time, bedwetting will stop on its own once your child’s brain and bladder connection has matured. In the meantime, some things you can try to help are: 

  • Remind your child to urinate right before bed
  • Try to cut off their liquid intake after dinner
  • Put nightlights in the hall and bathroom so they can access the bathroom easily if they wake up in the night
  • Try a chart to celebrate their progress, working towards a reward if they stay dry. 
  • Try a bedwetting alarm. These are pads they sleep on that alarm at night if it senses that the bed is getting wet. They work best in kids 6 or older but have been proven to help by waking them as they are wetting the bed and re-training their behavior.

If your child continues wet the bed or you are worried something else may be going on, talk to your provider.

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Car Seats- Which one? How to Install? When to switch?

Healthychildren.org is a great resource for this, as well as tons of other child safety information. Check out the link below and let us know if you have any other questions. https://www.healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/on-the-go/Pages/Car-Safety-Seats-Information-for-Families.aspx

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How do you choose the right sunscreen and bug spray?

It’s great for your kids to spend time playing and exercising outdoors, but it is important to be mindful of sun safety as too much exposure to UV rays can lead to sunburns and skin cancer.

Keep babies younger than 6 months out of direct sunlight by finding shade and dressing them in cool but protective clothing and using a hat with a brim to shield their face/ears, neck.

At what age will my child get their first set of vaccines?

Two months of life.  They will get Pediarix (Dtap/HepB/IPV), Hib, Prevnar, and Rota.

Why is it unsafe for babies to sleep on their stomachs?

Research suggests that SIDS may be caused by defects in the part of an infant’s brain that controls breathing and the ability to wake up. If a baby is not getting enough oxygen, it is important for the baby to wake up. This is probably why stomach sleeping is dangerous. Babies who sleep on their stomachs sleep more deeply, and it’s harder for them to wake up if they are not getting enough oxygen.

What are examples of respiratory distress?

Fast breathing (more than sixty breaths in one minute), although keep in mind that babies normally breathe more rapidly than adults

Retractions (sucking in the muscles between the ribs with each breath, so that the ribs stick out)

Flaring of the nose

Grunting while breathing

Persistent blue skin coloring

Is it normal for my newborn’s umbilical stump to bleed?

A few drops of blood on the diaper, around the time the stump falls off, is normal. If the stump is actively bleeding or has a foul-smelling yellowish discharge, call your doctor.

Can I bathe my baby before the umbilical stump falls off?

Only give your newborn sponge baths until the stump of the umbilical cord falls off, which usually happens by about one or two weeks of age.

What is considered a fever?

Rectal reading above 100.4 degrees F. Infants younger than 90 days old,​ who have a fever, need immediate medical attention, even if they appear well and show no other signs of being ill.

Is it safe for my child to sleep on her back?

Healthy babies are safest when sleeping on their backs at nighttime and during naps. Side sleeping is not as safe as back sleeping and is not advised. Tummy time is for babies who are awake and being watched. Your baby needs this to develop strong muscles.

How many hours should my baby sleep?

​​​Babies do not have regular sleep cycles until about 6 months of age. While newborns sleep about 16 to 17 hours per day, they may only sleep 1 or 2 hours at a time. As babies get older, they need less sleep. However, different babies have different sleep needs. It is normal for a 6-month-old to wake up during the night but go back to sleep after a few minutes.

Diarrhea In Babies:

Diarrhea isn’t just a loose stool; it’s a watery stool that occurs up to 12 times a day.

  • If you’re breastfeeding: A breastfed baby’s stools are light yellow, soft, or even runny, and they often contain small pieces that look like seeds. Breastfed babies may pass stools with every breastfeeding.
  • If your baby is formula-fed: Babies who are formula-fed pass stools that are yellow to tan and about as firm as peanut butter.

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